Korean's war

Context

Since 1910, Korea is under the Japanese occupation.The year 1945 marks the end of World War II, and Japan surrenders on September 2. However, Korea does not become independent: the Soviet Union and the United States decide to postpone its independence and, to maintain order, to share the territory temporarily. They divide it in two, at the height of the 38th parallel. A communist government is set up in the north and the south is under pro-American government. Are thus founded, in 1948, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea for the north, and the Republic of Korea for the south. Ideologically opposed, neither recognizes the other. The attempts at reunification fail one after the other. The Korean War begins on June 25, 1950, as the North Korean army crosses the border and takes Seoul.

September 2, 1945

Surrender of Japan

A political border is drawn to separate Korea, until then annexed by the Empire of Japan

In the south, In Seoul, the Republic of Korea is created. In the north, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea is proclaimed

1948
June 25, 1950

Beginning of the Korean War

North Korean government crosses border set up

Arrival of the United Nations in South Korea

September 15, 1950
September 28, 1950

Taken by force

Seoul is taken by force by the United Nations

Capture of Pyongyang

The United Nations takes Pyongyang, capital of North Korea.

October 19, 1950
April 22, 1951

The front line stabilizes

The United Nations crosses the 38th parallel again. After many battles fought on both sides of the territory, the front line stabilized.

Fate of prisoners

The fate of the prisoners is discussed. Everyone will collect their own from the end of April.

March 28, 1953
July 27, 1953

Panmunjeon

The UN, China and North Korea sign amistice at Panmunjom on the 38 parallel. A demilitarized zone is established on the 38th parallel.
Assessment: 4 million dead and missing

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